of the bladder and its lining.
The procedure is usually performed as an outpatient procedure in a urology clinic or treatment room. Prior to the procedure, the patient will need to empty their bladder and will then be positioned on an examination table. After administration of local anesthesia,
a cystoscope is inserted through the urethra into the bladder. The cystoscope is a thin, lighted tube that is flexible Water or saline is then instilled into the bladder through the cystoscope to visualise and dilate the passage. As the fluid fills the bladder, the bladder wall is stretched thus allowing detailed viewing by the urologist. If any tissue in the bladder wall appears abnormal, a small sample can be removed through the cystoscope to be analyzed. Foreign bodies or stones can also be removed this way.
The average cystoscopy takes about 2 to 5 minutes.
Source: Urology Care Foundation