general urology

General Urology Advice

There are some simple things that you can do to help improve your bladder health and urinary system and help keep it in the best possible condition.

Advice on keeping your bladder healthy

  1. Fluid intake – To help keep your bladder and urinary system healthy it is important to ensure you drink plenty of fluids: 8 – 10 Glasses of assorted fluids should be sufficient.

  2. Frequency and urgency – To help reduce symptoms of urinary frequency and urgency
    Try to avoid drinks containing caffeine, (in tea, coffee, chocolate and cola) fizzy drinks and alcohol
    Try not to pass urine ‘just in case’, instead, try to increase the amount of time between visits to the toilet.
    At night is best not to try and hold on as this will only keep you awake. Practising holding on in the daytime will gradually help night-time problems.
    If you have been given water tablets you must take them no matter how often they make you want to go. If this causes problems for you, discuss it with your nurse or doctor.
  3. Your weight – If you are overweight, try to lose a few kilos or more, as this will relieve stress on the pelvic floor.
  4. Be careful with your diet – too much or too little fibre is not good for you. Trying changing your diet to see what works best for you. It is very important to avoid constipation, so if eating plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables is not enough, you can ask our practice nurse for dietary advice.
  5. Pelvic floor exercises – urinary leakage is a common problem for women. Occasionally it can also affect men who have had urology surgery. In both cases we recommend pelvic floor exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor not only as a treatment for this problem but also as a preventative measure. Our ‘pelvic floor leaflet’ provides instructions as to how to do the exercises and further information can be found through the links we have provided.
  6. Urinary infections – Urinary infections are quite a common problem especially in women. They are also more common for both men and women following urology surgery. It is important to be aware of the symptoms so early action can be taken. If you experience any of the following symptoms you may have a urinary infection:
    • Burning on passing urine
    • Shivering attacks with back pain
    • Cloudy offensive smelling urine
    • Flu like symptoms
  7. Haematuria (blood in the urine) – There are many causes of blood in the urine (infection is one of them) but if this problem arises spontaneously, it needs to be investigated. Contact a GP or urologist who will test your urine and start treatment.
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